Sailor's knots
Seamanship and sailor's knots: register! The maritime museum organizes in summer period (2 times per week) and on “order”, all the year, of the free courses of sailor's knots. Informations : 02 98 70 27 49.

The seamanship and reef knots

General information
The “sailor's pay” indicates the various operations concerning the use of the ropes but also the training and the knowledge of the reef knots.
This “savoir-faire” is always very useful today, even in the everyday life. But on certain boats (fishing, pleasure, old riggings…), there remains essential. Formerly, time of the navy with veil, it was to be imperatively known by all the sailors. It acted then, for these sailors, to be able to carry out various nodes, of the moorings, of the splices, “to work” a hawser and “to hoist a barrel”. Each sailor had basic knowledge then to carry out all these operations.

Sailor's pay

A little maritime vocabulary
On a ship each rope with a different name for good to distinguish them according to their functions, their sites and their sizes.
Let us quote: hawser, buoyrope, rope, listening, stay, galhauban, rope, stay, preventer shroud, bastaque, balancine, drosse, rope yarn, strand, end, running, garcette, spun yarn, marline, lusin, hawser etc On a ship there is no cord (except an exception) term reserved to the peasants and for the “biffins”.
However there exists a cord on board a ship which is that which actuates the gong of the bell and the fixed maintenance with the sea (to prevent it from tinkling with each roll).

A loop on a rope is called a “eye”, in the plural of the eye…
To make “ajut” is to moor two ropes end to end. “To strike” a rope is to moor it on a fixed or mobile unspecified object; for the same operation one does not say to strike but “whip” a pulley. To make trévire is to lower or hoist, using rope a cylindrical body (barrel, spars) on a tilted level; the same term is used to make turn a chechmate on itself. A hoist is composed of two pulleys connected by a rope called guarantor. The part of the guarantor fixed on one of the pulleys is called sleeping. The end on which one draws calls running. The rope connecting the two pulleys is called the bits.

Sailor's pay

Current nodes
The nodes most employed because most solid are:

-the node of chair to make an eye or a ajut (by interlacing two eye, called node of bowline then);
-the reef knot and the node of listening for the ajuts;
-the node of fisherman for the ajuts between 2 ropes of different gauge, or between a rope and a wire;
-a tower dead and two half hitches for a mooring.

Other nodes used: in eight, of capuchin, Franciscan, touline, rope, carrick, laguis, hung, leg of dog

Some basic principles
- The resistance of a rope is increasingly lower towards node.
- A splice (kind of braid) decreases by eight the resistance of the rope.
- The force of a rope remains unchanged if it is moored on a point fi Xe.
- To avoid making it “run” (i.e. to demolish itself), a node must always be “pulled taut” (tight very extremely).
Matelotage- A pulled taut and wet node is very difficult to demolish.

The maritime museum organizes in summer period (2 times per week) and on “order”, all the year, of the free courses of sailor's pay.

Copyright Musée Maritime du Cap-Sizun-EN 2012-Création :